Growing older doesn’t mean you have to give up enjoying life. But the aging process does bring inevitable changes so it’s important to know what’s normal and what could signify a problem. It’s a fact that after the age of 75, the rate of emergency department visits increases. Seniors can hopefully stay out of the ER by learning these common reasons for visits and incorporating our tips to help prevent them.
1. Injuries from Falls
Falling is the number one source of injury in seniors causing everything from fractured hips to head trauma. There are multiple health issues that can lead to falls, many of which are part of the normal aging process. Osteoarthritis, for example, is a natural process that affects the joints and decreases mobility.
Vision problems, which increase the risk of falling, are also considered to be part of the aging process. Seniors whose vision is changing should see an eye doctor to find out if anything can be done to help.
Older Americans can reduce their chance of falling by conducting a safety check in their home, wearing proper footwear, and improving balance through strength exercises.
2. Strokes are Another Cause
Seniors who experience sudden confusion, numbness, trouble speaking, or severe headache and dizziness may be showing signs of stroke. It is called the ‘silent killer’ because these signs are often ignored. Stroke is a leading cause of senior ER visits.
Eating right, regular exercise, controlling your blood pressure and quitting smoking can all help reduce your risk of stroke.
3. Pain is a Common Reason
Heart disease can cause chest pain, another common reason for ER visits. Heart disease is also a leading cause of death.
Exercise, proper diet and monitoring your blood pressure and cholesterol can help prevent heart disease.
4. Influenza and Pneumonia can be Deadly for Seniors
Seniors often have weaker immune systems than younger adults. It can make illnesses like the flu and pneumonia life-threatening.
Be sure to get an annual flu shot and a pneumonia vaccine (in a frequency recommended by your physician) to reduce your risk of contracting pneumonia.
5. Dehydration-Related Problems
Seniors often lose their ability to feel thirsty. This means they are more likely to suffer from dehydration than younger people. Especially during the summer months, dehydration can result in a trip to the emergency room.
Encourage your senior loved one to stay hydrated by drinking water throughout the day and eating foods with high water content.
6. Medication Problems
Many seniors take more than one medication, which means it can be difficult to manage the schedule, potential interactions, and side effects. Drug interactions and the side effects from medications are another leading cause of visiting the ER. Failing to take the proper dose at the right time can also be dangerous.
Make sure your loved one’s doctor is informed about all of their medications (including over-the-counter medicines) and that the senior has a system in placing for sticking to their schedule.
Aging and the Physical Dimension of Wellness
Regular physical activity can help seniors stay out of the ER room. It also improves mood, encourages confidence, and allows seniors to maintain a healthy body.
6. Medication Problems
bout all of their medications (including over-the-cou